There is and has always been, a debate of citric acid water softener vs salt water softener. What is a citric water softener? How does it work? Is the system better than the traditional salt-based water softener? Is it worth the money?.
These are just some of the questions that people ask when they try to determine whether to buy a salt-free water softener or a salt-based water softener.
Whether your water comes from the city or a well you can instantly transform ordinary tap water into extraordinary clean water by using either a citric acid water softener or salt water softener. Both of these systems soften your water, protecting your pipes and appliances from harmful scale buildup.
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Before diving into the debate; here is a quick preview of what hard water is and why you should be concerned about it.
This is water that contains high traces or amounts of mineral ions. The most common minerals are calcium and magnesium, others include aluminum, iron.
These metals can dissolve in water and they react when they come in contact with other objects, for example, spots on faucets. Another issue one would notice is, scum is formed when hard water comes in contact with soapy detergents.
This is because of the insoluble metals and salts present in it. Hard water mostly causes damage to household objects, like sinks and bathtubs. Hard water MAY cause health issues like diabetes, cardiovascular disorder, and many others.
What is water softening? It is the removal of mineral ions present in hard water, magnesium, and calcium.
Citric Acid Water Softener vs Salt Water Softener
Below is a quick summary of the differences between salt-based water softeners and citric acid water softeners.
|Citric Acid Water Softener||Salt Based Water Softener|
|It is less expensive compared to the salt-based water softener.||They are expensive to buy.|
|It is easy to install.||They require qualified personnel to install it.|
|It needs less maintenance and thus it is cost-effective.||They require maintenance regularly.|
|There is no water wastage since there is no disposal of wastewater.||A lot of water is used in extracting unwanted mineral ions.|
|They may not work as effectively as the salt-based water softener when exposed to other minerals, such as lead||Since they work effectively, they will make your appliances last longer and work more efficiently. Meaning you will have few to no repairs.|
|It uses no salt no electricity and requires no backwashing and regeneration||use electricity and salt. requires backwashing and regeneration|
Citric Acid Water Softener
Compact and cost-effective, Nuvo H20 technology is backed by 30 years of commercial experience and has helped solve complex water problems.
Nuvo H20 offers a more compact solution to softening hard water. It needs minimal to zero maintenance. It is environment friendly, also as it does not use electricity and has no wastewater.
It uses the chelation process, it bins the citric acid to the minerals found in water. The active particle found in citric acid prevents scale build-up which may negatively affect your household. A salt softener, instead of binding the mineral ions, gets rid of them and stores them.
Process Of Softening Hard Water Using Citric Acid
Like arteries in your heart, your home’s pipes can get clogged with hard water. Many of us recognize the signs with the scale on the faucet.
Nuvo H20 keeps your pipes and appliances free of hard water deposits while maintaining minerals that are beneficial for you.
Nuvo H20 balances the pH. on the pH scale pure water scores up to perfect 7 with household cleaners lie ammonia at 11.6 and battery acid at 0. hard water usually has a pH level of 7.8 – 8 just as high as seawater.
Citrus fruits are 2.5pH naturally acidic. Nuvo H20 uses the acidity of citrus to balance the pH of your water so scale is prevented from forming.
The second method Nuvo treats hard water is through a process called chelation. when water comes into contact with the one flow media calcium and magnesium minerals in hard water collectively combine forming microscopic crystals.
The Nuvo H20 citric charge binds together the scale-causing-ions in hard water isolating them so that the minerals are incapable of forming scale.
These inert crystals break away as they grow they remain suspended in the water and move harmlessly through your plumbing unable to form hard scales on pipes or appliances.
The mineral ions from hard water are removed to keep them from reacting with soapy detergents, sink walls, appliances, skin, and even hair. Most detergents used in households use chelating agents like citric acid, NTA, EDTA.
Tried and tested scale prevention technology chelation is an effective alternative to softening. A study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of using a chelating agent in removing the minerals and insoluble metals from hard water.
The results showed that the chelators, NTA and citric acid, were effective in removing the insoluble metals from the hard water.
Nuvo Citrus Charge Technology solves your hard water problems and since it has been proven by 3rd party research to prevent scale and protect your plumbing and appliances it will save you money.
It also features a high-capacity 20-micron carbon block drinking water filter to remove foul taste odors and sediments to deliver the finest tasting water at every tap.
Benefits Of Using Citric Acid As A Softener
Easy To Install And No Mess Maintenance
A conventional softener is more expensive to maintain. Since it uses salt as its agent to remove impurities in hard water, it has to have a filter.
These filters need to be cleaned and eventually to be replaced. It will need maintenance which may seem overwhelming to you. Also due to the regeneration process, the salt needs to be replaced.
A bag of salt softener is heavy; it weighs around 40 pounds (18.14 kilograms) which can be hard for some individuals to carry. A filter from a citric acid softener can last up to six months. The average flow also is higher and there is no water wastage.
Commercially trusted scale prevention ensures pipes and appliances remain free and clear of hard scale buildup. If there is a presence of limescale, it softens it.
Areas that had limescale will start recovering and you will notice a difference when you scrub your sink or bathtub. It will constantly remove build-up that would have possibly caused a clog, making your pipes last longer. no more unattractive buildup on your appliances or clogs in your pipes.
salt-based water softeners may lead to an increase in the salt build-up in the aquatic environments when one discharges the resin.
It can negatively impact the streams, rivers, and lakes. It can cause an influx since these places already received salt from unnatural sources such as road salt.
salt-free water softeners do not use high-capacity drinking water filters replacing both the space-consuming water salt-based water softeners and they don’t use heavy bags of salt. you get to replace 3 years of salt with a single cartridge and the massive tanks will be a thing of the past.
Wastes No Water
Softeners that use salt as an agent for removing minerals use a lot of water, close to 25 gallons (94.6 liters) of water every day, for the regeneration process.
Nuvo h20 will feel different from the traditional salt softeners. Since the minerals remain and are not replaced with sodium you have that sleek never quite a clean feeling when you are done with your shower. cutting edge technology that allows you to work on even the hardest of water
This will be an issue of the past.
The conventional water softeners cause an increase in the prices of your monthly bill because they use a lot of water. This can also be costly when paying the electricity bill. The NuvoH2O uses four times less water and uses no electricity at all.
They use a process called Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) or reverse osmosis. This process hardens the mineral ions in hard water.
It causes them not to stick to any surfaces in your household. Since this type of softener does not need to trap any mineral ions, there is no need of cleaning it. Salt-free softeners require one to only change the sediment filter at least once a year.
Salt-based Water Softeners
This softener turns hard water into soft water using a process called ion exchange. The conventional water softener appliances exchange the minerals, magnesium, and calcium for sodium or potassium ions. Resins are also available to extract bicarbonate, sulfate, and carbonate ions.
When all the magnesium and calcium have been replaced with the sodium ions, it needs to be disposed of. This is done by recharging. The wastewater, containing the magnesium and calcium salts, coming from the ion exchange is then discharged to a sewer.
The following is how a recharge process occurs:
Here, water is directed through the resin in the opposite direction from the usual flow. Then it is disposed of through a drain. This process removes solids and in turn expands the resin bed. This process takes about 10 minutes.
Water runs through a jet pump, which pulls the saltwater from the brine tank. This process usually lasts around 30 minutes.
Here water continues to flow from the inlet to the outlet, slowly flushing out the brine out of the resin bed. The flushing continues for a while, first at a slow pace than at a faster rate. This goes on for close to an hour, it gets to a point and then the tank is filled with fresh water.
Using Lime as a Softener
This process occurs when lime is added to the hard water to get rid of the mineral ions. This has several advantages over the ion exchange; however, it is mostly used for commercial treatment purposes.
Healthy living starts with healthy water, whatever your water needs, having a water softener will bring you the peace of mind that you are reducing the contaminants in water including up to 97% of chlorine as well as pesticides, herbicides, and more.
Besides preserving your appliances for use for a long time by reducing chlorine you will begin to experience softeners skin and hair and improve the taste of your food and your drinks.
The citric acid in the water softener works amazing it’ll optimize its contact time with contaminants grabbing media ensuring maximum contaminant reduction.
It will do its due diligence of removing those unwanted minerals out of your hard water. Above all, it is environment friendly and it is cheap to maintain.
The salt-based water softener and the salt-free water softener are equally great water softeners. If you want a salt-based water softener, you will have to deal with ensuring regular maintenance and also its purchasing cost and installation. Remember that this water softener is effective for large-scale water treatment and also in areas where there is a lot of salt.
If you care for your environment and health, consider purchasing the salt-free water softener. It is less expensive, easy to install it and overall easy to maintain.
However, it is not effective in removing some minerals like lead and chlorine. Either way, get a water softener that suits your needs.
However, it is not all negative. It has health benefits, as magnesium and calcium are important for the body. Calcium is important in preventing hypertension, obesity, stroke, kidney stones and it also strengthens bones among other benefits. Magnesium has its benefits to the body too. Softening hard water removes these two minerals.
A study conducted showed that people who took a lot of soft water had health issues such as high blood pressure, weakening of the bones, more heart issues, compared to those who took hard water.
The inadequacy of these minerals can cause serious health issues. If you are considering using soft water, consider adding these minerals to your daily diet to ensure a healthy body function.
Daniel Keringet is a market researcher and publisher (Best Osmosis Experts) who got an interest in topics related to
Water safety out of curiosity and passion from the time he got into college. Now he is a full-time writer living in Naperville Illinois.