How to Tell if Your Well Pump is Bad

This comprehensive tutorial will show you how to determine whether your well pump is malfunctioning or damaged. It will also demonstrate how to assess the warning signs of a failing pump properly.

Having a private well for daily water supply is a fantastic resource that offers numerous advantages over municipal water supply. These benefits include a constant supply of water around the clock, no monthly charges on the water bill, and it is completely free.

However, to reap all of these benefits, you must regularly maintain and repair your well pump. This is done to ensure that a dependable water supply continues to flow through your faucets.

Most well pumps can operate for months or even years without requiring maintenance. As a result, many well pump users are unaware of the significance of regular maintenance until it is too late.

9 Warning Signs That My Well Pump Is Failing

  • Cloudy or Muddy Water
  • Low Water Pressure
  • High Electric Bills
  • Poor Tasting Water
  • Noisy Spitting Faucets
  • Your Pump is running Constantly
  • Strange clicking sounds from the pressure tank
  • Well Pressure Tank
  • No Water from Well or Dry Well
  • Well Pump Age

1. Cloudy or Muddy Water

This characteristic indicates a faulty well pump that is unable to filter out silt before pumping water to the surface.

If murky or muddy water appears on your pumped water, it is a clear indication that the pump is rapidly wearing out due to sand and silt friction.

2. Low Water Pressure

Iron bacteria or ferric iron buildup is one of the causes of low water pressure. This can have an adverse effect on the pressure switch, resulting in low pressure.

Iron bacteria in well water must therefore be tested. The well pump shaft and screen are prone to clogging with high iron bacteria and minute sand particles if the water contains traces of iron.

The well and submersible pump should be thoroughly cleaned before they can be used again to remove iron germs, scales, and grime.

3. High Electric Bills

well pump pressure switch problems

If the monthly electricity demand rises for no apparent reason and the well pump runs every day.

The well pump is most likely malfunctioning. As a result, the pressure switch requires adjustment or replacement.

Furthermore, the water level in the well may be lower than necessary, requiring additional power to pump the water up.

Pump obstruction from sand, silt, or iron bacteria is another common cause. As a result, the well pump has to work harder to draw water into the pressure tank.

4. Poor Tasting Water

Well water can contaminate bacteria, rotting organic waste, sand, and silt. This frequently results in an unpleasant flavor and odor, which, while not harmful when consumed by humans or animals, is unappealing.

Corroded plumbing pipes can also cause rusty-smelling and tasting water. Testing the water with a Well Water Test Kit is the most effective way to diagnose this problem.

Read:- 5 Well Water Test Kit of 2022

5. Noisy Spitting Faucets

The presence of air in the plumbing system causes spitting faucets. To begin, look for a leaking pressure tank bladder on the tank’s side or on top, which typically causes periodic air spurts in the water system.

Second, look for a faulty well pump and examine the water pipes above the pump for fractures or breaks.

6. Your Pump is running Constantly

If your well pump is working continuously without filling your water tank, it could indicate that it is straining to draw water from the well to fill the pressure tank.

7. Rapid/Strange clicking sounds coming from the pressure tank

The bladder in the water tank may loosen and begin to leak air at times. As a result, the pressure nozzle near the pressure water tank may produce quick/rapid clicking sounds.

The release of compressed air from the bladder causes the well pump to cycle through an endless start-stop cycle. It is a wise option to engage the services of plumbing specialists to analyze the situation.

8. Well Pressure Tank

The well tank is typically found in the basement of a house and is used to store water pumped from the well for constant household use.

If the holding tank capacity is insufficient to meet the family’s needs, the well pump will be compelled to work continuously to maintain the tank full at all times. This could result in it overheating.

As a result, installing a larger tank to safeguard the well pump is recommended.

9. No Water from Well or Dry Well

Drought seasons can cause the well to dry up, leaving the pressure tank depleted of water. This may result in a “call signal” being delivered to the well pump, resulting in a dry well and the pump burning out.

A low-water cut-off mechanism is a safety device that shuts off the pump when the water level falls below the preset levels, preventing the pump from overheating and burning out.

10. Well Pump Age

A high-quality, well-maintained well pump has an average lifespan of 16-23 years. After many years of service, the internal components of a well pump will wear and rip apart, necessitating a well pump replacement.


A faulty well pump could significantly disrupt your daily routine. Water that is discolored, difficulty drawing water to your taps, a noisy pump, and a high electric bill are all signs that your well pump is failing.

Because the pump is intended for home use, it should be able to run efficiently with minimal inconvenience, and its maintenance should not be prohibitively expensive.

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The following are the most common signs that your well pump is malfunctioning:

  • When water quality is suddenly and drastically changed, such as when there is an accumulation of silt, sediments, and sand, it is often thought to be a sign of contaminated water.
  • Hematophagous iron bacteria or sulfate-reducing bacteria are found in the water.
  •  Abrupt water quality change, such as the presence of a foul odor, brownish coloring, or unusual flavor and slime accumulation in the pump and toilet.
  • Contamination from man-made sources like industrial chemicals.
  • An increase in hardness, manganese, iron, and sulfate, always do a routine of water test.

How to Resolve Well Water Warning Signs:

  • It is a good idea to get your well water checked every six months to verify it is still drinkable.
  • Another method to discover whether or not there is contamination is to figure out the source.
  • Langelier saturation index should be used routinely to determine water corrosion risks.
  • To prevent the well water from becoming polluted, have a water treatment system installed before it gets to the pressure tank.
  • Aeration and degassing may help to raise the gas concentrations if the water is undersaturated.
  • Look through the pipes to see if there are any hidden corrosion dangers.

How to Solve Well Pump Issues

You may find your well pump is not functioning one morning, and you can’t get water to your pressure tank.

Just because a new pump or well is required, it does not imply you have to buy a new one or dig a new one.

The equipment for a well-pump system should include many components, any one of which may cease functioning and influence the overall operation of the pump.

Here are some simple troubleshooting well pump problems tips that you may try before you seek out professional help for a well pump issue.


In certain cases, an increase in electrical current or voltage will cause the power circuit to shut down the whole system.

So, to verify if the electrical circuit has tripped, it is essential to first check whether anything is wrong. The shut off of power in a well pump is a very frequent issue.

The circuit breaker is located somewhere, so go to that spot and turn it on and off; sometimes it seems to be on when it isn’t.

Pressure Tank

Also something you should look at is the tank functioning; low air pressure inside the tank will cause the pressure button to think that the tank is full, which will activate the tank.

At the necessary setting at which the pressure switch turns on, two psi of additional pressure is required in the tank.

Discolored Water

A dark or brown pump with rusty sediments and sediments in the water results in an indication that treatment is required.

This kind of mineral stains clothing and makes them black. This type of mineral stains clothes and makes them black. Also, minerals such as manganese leave black stains and make them seem old. Bacteria may get into your toilet tank and then develop within, which results in stains on your kitchenware.

To avoid any confusion, please be aware that water filters, under-counter filters, and whole-house filters are unable to remove certain minerals; you should speak with your local water treatment expert.

The well pump is constantly going on and off:

well pump pressure switch troubleshooting

This is a very frequent disease that is referred to as “waterlogged.” A pressure system is only as effective as the quantity of air it contains.

The pump fills the water tank with water by simply compressing the air in the tank pressure.

Every time you open a faucet, the tank’s increasing water flow volume compresses the air, further increasing the pressure within the tank, thus water flows out of the faucet.

The tank will remain full of water as the air need decreases over time.

When there is no method to compress water into a reservoir to shut off the water pump, no amount of water will make it through. Therefore, as soon as you open a faucet, the pressure in the tank will be reduced, and the pump will turn on.

The pump keeps going with the never-ending cycle of on and off every second so long as your tank has less air and more water in it.

Problems with the pump will occur if this is done.
In order to solve the issue, contact the persons who installed your water pump and tell them what the problem is.

Why submersible pump trip:

Usually pump tripping is a problem with older well pumps because worn-out bearings cause the shaft to become exposed.

Due to an eroding seal or excessive current, water is able to reach the motor housing and cause a short circuit.

Replacing your submersible pump with a new pump is ideal if your current pump is inexpensive. This is because it’s nearly impossible to seal it properly when done outside the manufacturer.

Air bubbles in well water

Because you’ve gotten your drinking water from your kitchen faucet, you’re likely to notice little air bubbles emerge in it.

Also, when you notice a lot of bubbles develop in your glass that seem similar to effervescence, it is quite normal and may be due to mechanical causes.

It is important to discover the source of the water contamination, although this doesn’t provide any danger.

Naturally Occurring Bubbles

The primary variables in gas bubble formation in well water are pressure and temperature.

Pressure from the bedrock well drives this natural process of bubbles developing, which is why the pressure drops when the water is pumped directly to the tank.
Generally speaking, these bubbles are harmless.

Mechanical Causes Of Air Bubbles

When the water level in the well becomes low, air bubbles will develop in the well pump, causing it to suck in air from the well. In the near run, the best approach to avoid this problem is to use less water in the house.

If your water well is at risk of drawing down the water table, it is recommended that you build a cutoff system to avoid overpumping and overheating of the pump, and make your water pump cease functioning.

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