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List of Cities that Use Chloramine in the USA
In the United States, at least more than one in six Americans consume water treated with chloramine. Local municipal water departments have embraced the use of chloramine since the 1930s to treat tap water. In this informative article we have compiled a list of cities that use chloramine as a means of disinfection.
What is chloramination? Is a simple process of adding chloramine to tap water in levels that kill bacteria and many microbes but still safe for human and animals to drink.
Chloramines are a set of chemical compounds that contain ammonia and chlorine. This type of chloramine is called monochloramine.
Below is a List of Cities that Use Chloramine in the USA 2019
Below is a comprehensive information of all the US Cities listed by State, that are currently using chloramine in city water to disinfect public drinking water. You’re free to call for more up to date information.
Alexandria City of Alexandria Customer Service: 765.724.3144 City of Alexandria Website: www.cityofalexandria.org
Arlington City of Arlington Tx Customer Service: 817-459-6777 City of Arlington Website: www.arlington-tx.gov
Newport News City of Newport TX Customer Service: 757-247-2500 Newport News Website: https://www.nngov.com
Norfolk City of Norfolk Customer Service: 757-823-1000 City of Norfolk Website: https://www.norfolk.gov
Richmond City of Richmond Texax Customer Service: (281) 342-5456 Richmond Texas Website: www.richmondtx.gov
How to test for Chloramine
The need to treat water with chloramine is meant to deactivate and destroy disease-producing micro-organism, resulting in an overall water improvement quality. Proper testing is critical because chlorination sometimes may introduce undesirable odor and taste characteristics. Chloramine is a free and very effective disinfectant; Total chlorine is a combination of reacted chlorine and free [available]chloramine. When chlorine freely reacts with an organic compound like ammonia chloramines are formed. Chloramines may cause skin rashes, painful eye irritation and do have an overpowering chlorine smell. Chloramine levels can be calculated by deducting the amount of free chlorine from total chlorine amount [example: free chlorine = 0.5 ppm, total chlorine -1.0 ppm, thus 1.0 ppm – 0.5ppm = 0.5 ppm chloramine]
Chloramine vs Chlorine
it Is a combination of chlorine and ammonia. Chloramines in water remain for a very long time, unlike chlorine which disappears very fast when exposed to air. That’s why water companies mostly use chloramines. Suitable for keeping public water clean and safe from bacteria. Now you can age water in a tank or open bucket for months and days, and still, the water will be safe to drink due to chloramines substances which are still active. Kindly note the old trick of aging water in a bucket with a filter won’t work anymore.
Three main essential characteristics of chlorine are effective algaecide, persistent sanitizer and a strong oxidizer of unwanted contaminants. The concentration of chlorine in water can be easily neutralized by two methods, the first method to treat the water chemically with sodium thiosulfate. Sodium is readily available at your local pet shop. The second method is quite easy. Chlorine disappears rapidly when exposed to air for 12 to 24 hours, you can easily accomplish this by leaving a bucket filled with water in the open air, and it will turn to chlorine-free water.
Chloramine is a mixture of 20 percent ammonia and chlorine. Chloramine tends to stay in the water for a very long time than chlorine which makes it very difficult for a homeowner to extract from the water. Many Cities water department have embraced the use of chloramine to treat public water due to the fact that it stays in the water for a very long time and it’s also economical.