cities that Use chloramine

A List of Cities that Use Chloramine in the USA (Updated 2020)

In the United States out of six Americans at least one consumes water treated with chloramine. The Local municipal water departments opted for the use of chloramine, since the 1930s to treat tap water, and below is a list of cities that use chloramine in the United States of America.

What is chloramination? This is the simple process of adding chloramine to tap water to acceptable levels that kill bacteria and many microbes but still safe for human and animals to drink.

Chloramines are a set of chemical compounds that contain ammonia and chlorine. This type of chloramine is called monochloramine.

List of Cities that Use Chloramine in the USA 2020

1. ALASKA

Anchorage
Anchorage water and wastewater utility
Customer Service: 907 564-2700
Anchorage water and wastewater utility Website: www.awwu.biz/


2. ALABAMA

Birmingham
Birmingham Water Works
Customer Service: (205) 244-4000
Birmingham Water Works Website: www.bwwb.org/

Huntsville
Huntsville Water utility
Customer Service: 479-738-6929
Huntsville Water utility: www.huntsvillewater.org/


3. COLORADO

Denver
Denver water
Customer Service: 303-893-2444
Denver Water Website: https://www.denverwater.org

Aurora
Aurora Colorado
Customer Service: 303-739-7000
Aurora Colorado Website: https://www.auroragov.org/


4. LOUISIANA

New Orleans
Sewerage and water Board New Orleans
Customer Service: (504) 529-2837
Sewerage and water Board New Orleans: www.swbno.org/

Shreveport
City of Shreveport
Customer Service: 318-673-7600
City of Shreveport Website: www.shreveportla.gov/520/Water-Sewerage


5. CALIFORNIA

San Francisco
California Water Servives
Customer Service: 213 569 987
San Francisco Website: www calwater.com

Anaheim
Anaheim Public Utility
Customer Service: 714-765-3300
Anaheim Website: www anaheim.net/656/Wa

Antioch
Antioch California
Customer Service: (925) 685-4711
Antioch Website : www.antiochca.gov/

Fontana
Fontana California
Customer Service: 1-909-822-2201
Fontana Website : www.fontanawater.com

Huntington Beach
Huntington Beach California
Customer Service: (714) 536-5921
Huntington Beach Website: www.huntingtonbeachca.gov

Long Beach
Long Beach Water Department
Customer Service: (562) 570-2390
Long Beach Website: www.lbwater.org/


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Oakland
Oakland Water Department
Customer Service: 901.465.8523
Oakland Website: www.oaklandtennessee.org

San Diego
The City of San Diego
Customer Service: 619-515-3525
The City of San Diego Website: www.sandiego.gov/public-utilities/

San Jose
San Jose Water
Customer Service: (408) 279-7900
San Jose water Website: www.sjwater.com

Concord
Concord Northern California
Customer Service: 704-920-5555
Concord Website: www.concordnc.gov/

Chula Vista
City of Chula Vista
Customer Service: 691-5044
Chula Vista Website: https://www.chulavistaca.gov

Corona
City of Corana
Customer Service: 951-736-2234
Corona Website: https://www.coronaca.gov

Escondido
City of Escondido
Customer Service: 760-839-4880
Escondido Website: https://www.escondido.org/

Fremont
Alamenda County Water District
Customer Service: 510-668-4200
Fremont Website: https://www.acwd.org/385/Water-Treatment-Plant-No-2

Garden Grove
City of Garden Grove
Customer Service: (888)867-2992
City of Garden Grove Website: https://ggcity.org/h2o/guest

Glendale
Glendale California
Customer Service: 818-548-2062
Glendale California Website: https://www.glendaleca.gov/government/departments/glendale-water-and-power/contact-us

Hayward
City of Hayward
Customer Service: 510-583-4000
City of Hayward Website: https:/ /www.hayward-ca.go

Irvine
Irvine Ranch Water District
Customer Service: 949-453-5300
Irvine Ranch Water District Website: https://www.irwd.com/contact-customer-care

Los Angeles
Los Angeles Department of water and power
Customer Service: (1-800-342-5397)
Los Angeles Department of water Website: https://www.ladwp.com

Moreno Valley
Eastern Municipal Water District
Customer Service: 951-928-3777
Eastern Municipal Water Disctict Website: https://www.emwd.org

Orange
City of Orange California
Customer Service: (714) 744-2225
City of Orange California Website: https://www.cityoforange.org

Pasadena
City of Pasadena
Customer Service: 713-477-1511
City of Pasadena Website: www.ci.pasadena.tx.us

Simi Valley
City of Simi Valley
Customer Service: (805) 583-6736
City of Simi Valley Website: https://www.simivalley.org/departments/public-works/water-conservation

Sunnyvale
City of Sunnyvale
Customer Service: 408-730-7607
City of Sunnyvale Website: https://sunnyvale.ca.gov

Thousand Oaks
Thousands Oaks, California
Customer Service: (805) 449-2201.
Thousands Oaks, California Website: https://www.toaks.org


6. INDIANA

Indianapolis
City of Indianapolis
Customer Service: (317) 924-3311
City of Indianapolis Website: www.citizensenergygroup.com/My-Home/Utility-Services/Water


7. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Washington
Washington Water Services
Customer Service: (877) 408-4060
Washington Water Services Website: https://www.wawater.com


8. FLORIDA

Miami
Miami Dade Water and Sewer
Customer Service: 305-468-5900
Miamidade Water and sewer Website: www miamidade gov/water/bill_app/startService asp

Tampa
City of Tampa
Customer Service: 813.274.8211
City of Tampa Website: www tampagov net

Coral Springs
Coral Springs Florida
Customer Service: 954-345-2121
Coral Springs Florida Website -www coralsprings org

Fort Lauderdale
City of Fort Lauderdale
Customer Service: (954) 828-8000
City of Fort Lauderdale Website: www.fortlauderdale.gov/

Hialeah
Hialeah Florida
Customer Service: 305-883-5800
Hialeah Florida Website: www.hialeahfl.gov

Hollywood
Hollywood Florida
Customer Service: 954.967.HELP (4357)
Hollywood Florida Website: www.hollywoodfl.org/

Pembroke Pines
The City of Pembroke Pines
Customer Service: 954-450-1060
The City of Pembroke Pines Website: www.ppines.com

St. Petersburg
City of St. Petersburg
Customer Service: 727-893-7111
City of St. Petersburg Website: www.stpete.org/water


9. ILLINOIS

Aurora
City of Aurora
Customer Service: 727-893-7111
City of Aurora Website: www.auroragov.org


10. KANSAS

Topeka
City of topeka
Customer Service: 785-368-3111
City of topeka Website: www.topeka.org/utilities/


11. KENTUCKY

Louisville
Louisville Water Company
Customer Service: (502) 583-6610
Louisville Water Company Website: www.louisvillewater.com/


12. MINNESOTA

St. Paul
St. Paul Water and Sewer
Customer Service: 651-266-8989
St. Paul Water and Sewer Website: www.stpaul.gov/


13. MICHIGAN

Ann Arbor
The City of Ann Arbor
Customer Service: 734.794.6333
The City of Ann Arbor Website: www.a2gov.org/services/water-billing/


14. MISSOURI

Kansas City
City of Kansas City
Customer Service: 816.513.1313
City of Kansas City Website: www.kcwaterservices.org

St. Louis
City of St.Louis
Customer Service: (314) 633-9000
City of St.Louis Website: www.stlwater.com

Springfield
Springfield Water and Sewer
Customer Service: 413-310-3501
Springfield Water and Sewer Website:www.waterandsewer.org/


15. NEBRASKA

Omaha
Omaha Metropolitant Utility District
Customer Service: 402.554.6666
-Omaha Metropolitant Utility District Website: www.mudomaha.com


16. NORTH CAROLINA

Durham
Durham North Carolina
Customer Service: 919-560-1200
Durham North Carolina Website: www.durhamnc.gov/

Raleigh
Raleigh North Carolina
Customer Service: 919-996-3245
Raleigh North Carolina Website: www.raleighnc.gov

Oregon
The City of Portland Oregon
Customer Service: 503-823-4000
The City of Portland Oregon Website: www.portlandoregon.gov


17. VIRGINIA

Virginia Beach
City of Virginia Beach
Customer Service: 757-385-3111
City of Virginia Beach Website: www.vbgov.com


18. WISCONSIN

Milwaukee
City of Milwaukee
Customer Service: 414-286-City
City of Milwaukee Website: https://city.milwaukee.gov


19. NORTH CAROLINA

Greensboro
Greensboro North Carolina
Customer Service: 336-373-2489 (CITY)
Greensboro North Carolina Website: https://www.greensboro-nc.gov


20. SOUTH DAKOTA

Sioux Falls
The City of Sioux Fall
Customer Service: 605-367-8131
The City of Sioux Fall Website: www.siouxfalls.org


21. TEXAS

Abilene
City of Abilene Texas
Customer Service: (325) 548-2237
City of abilene Texas Website: http://abilenetx.gov/

Grand Prairie
Customer Service: (325) 548-2237
Grand Prairie Website: abilenetx.gov

Irving
City of Irving
Customer Service: (972) 721-2600
City of Irving Website: https://www.cityofirving.org

Larado
City of Larado
Customer Service: (956) 727-6402
City of larado Website: https://click2gov.city

Lubbock
City of Lubbock
Customer Service: (956) 727-6402
City of Lubbock Website: https://ci.lubbock.tx.us/

Mesquite
City of Mesquite
Customer Service: 972-216-6759
City of Mesquite Website: https://www.cityofmesquite.com

Plano
Piona Texas
Customer Service: 972-941-7000
Piano Texas Website: https://www.plano.gov

Waco
Waco Texas
Customer Service Phone: 972-941-7000
Waco Texas Website: https://www.waco-texas.com


22. VIRGINIA

Alexandria
City of Alexandria
Customer Service: 765.724.3144
City of Alexandria Website: www.cityofalexandria.org

Arlington
City of Arlington Tx
Customer Service: 817-459-6777
City of Arlington Website: www.arlington-tx.gov

Newport News
City of Newport TX
Customer Service: 757-247-2500
Newport News Website: https://www.nngov.com

Norfolk
City of Norfolk
Customer Service: 757-823-1000
City of Norfolk Website: https://www.norfolk.gov

Richmond
City of Richmond Texax
Customer Service: (281) 342-5456
Richmond Texas Website: www.richmondtx.gov


Conclusion

Chloramine is the mixture of 20 percent ammonia and chlorine. Chloramine tends to stay in the water for longer period compared to chlorine which makes it very difficult for a homeowner to extract from the water. Many Cities water department have embraced the use of chloramine to treat public water due to the fact that it stays in the water for a very long time and it’s also economical saving on cost and minimizing to exposure to chlorine. Note that Chloramine is not safe, it is only the fact that it does not leach into water compared to the chlorine.


An effective way to test for Chloramine

The need to treat water with chloramine is meant to deactivate and destroy disease-producing micro-organism, resulting in an overall water improvement quality.
Proper testing is critical because chlorination sometimes may introduce undesirable odor and taste characteristics.
Chloramine is a free and very effective disinfectant; Total chlorine is a combination of reacted chlorine and free [available]chloramine. When chlorine freely reacts with an organic compound like ammonia chloramines are formed.
Chloramines may cause skin rashes, painful eye irritation and do have an overpowering chlorine smell.
Chloramine levels can be calculated by deducting the amount of free chlorine from total chlorine amount [example: free chlorine = 0.5 ppm, total chlorine -1.0 ppm, thus 1.0 ppm – 0.5ppm = 0.5 ppm chloramine]

Chlorine vs Chloramine

Chloramine

It is a combination of chlorine and ammonia. Chloramines in water remain for a very long time, unlike chlorine which disappears very fast when exposed to air. That’s why water companies mostly use chloramines. Suitable for keeping public water clean and safe from bacteria.
Chloramine structureNow you can age water in a tank or open bucket for months and days, and still, the water will be safe to drink due to chloramines substances which are still active. Kindly note the old trick of aging water in a bucket with a filter won’t work anymore.

 

Chlorine

Three main essential characteristics of chlorine are effective algaecide, persistent sanitizer and a strong oxidizer of unwanted contaminants.
The concentration of chlorine in water can be easily neutralized by two methods, the first method to treat the water chemically with sodium thiosulfate. Sodium is readily available at your local pet shop. Chicago water chloramine
The second method is quite easy. Chlorine disappears rapidly when exposed to air for 12 to 24 hours, you can easily accomplish this by leaving a bucket filled with water in the open air, and it will turn to chlorine-free water.

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